Investing can mean different things to different people. While investing for some people means putting in money to achieve profit, for some other it can also mean investing time or effort for some future benefit such as investing in oneself’s skills or health.
Understanding the various types of investment terms makes you know the better investment to invest in at a given time and the maturity time. More over knowing this types of investment makes it easy for you to know the actually time to invest and the kind of investment you are going into. Let’s take a look on the definitions of investment according to Cambridge dictionary.
What is an Investment
Is the act of putting money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or get an advantage, or the money, effort, time, etc. used to do this:
The government wanted an inflow of foreign investment.
Stocks are regarded as good long-term investments.
The account requires a minimum investment of €1,000.
There’s been a significant investment of time and energy in order to make the project a success.
We’ve made a significant investment in IT.
Types of Investment Of Terms
1. short term investment
2. Medium term investment
3. Long term investment
What Are Short-Term Investments?
Short-term investments, also known as marketable securities or temporary investments, are those which can easily be converted to cash, typically within 5 years. Many short-term investments are sold or converted to cash after a period of only 3-12 months. Some common examples of short term investments include CDs, money market accounts, high-yield savings accounts, government bonds and Treasury bills. Usually, these investments are high-quality and highly liquid assets or investment vehicles.
Short-term investments may also refer specifically to financial assets—of a similar kind, but with a few additional requirements—that are owned by a company. Recorded in a separate account,
and listed in the current assets section of the corporate balance sheet, these are investments that a company has made that are expected to be converted into cash within one year.
You may also hear of short-term investors being referred to as day traders. Before getting into this type of investing, work to understand the basics of the stock market, be careful of single-stock purchases, and be mindful that it’s very, very difficult to gain higher returns than the average rate of return of the stock market by trading short-term.
Additionally, be careful to not place all of your investment into just one company. If that company were to go under, you would lose everything. Diversify your risk by spreading your stock investments over a variety of industries and types of companies.
It is often easier to choose a few good mutual funds that already spread the risk for you by purchasing several different types of stock. And finally, only invest money that you can afford to lose, not money that needs to pay the mortgage next month.
Clear understanding of the short term investment
- Short-term investments are marketable securities or highly liquid assets designed to provide a safe, temporary parking place for excess cash.
- Short-term investments can also refer to holdings a company owns but intends to sell within a year or (if debt) mature within a year.
- CDs, money market accounts, and Treasury bills are common types of low-risk short-term investments.
Examples of Short-Term Investments
Some common short-term investments and strategies used by corporations and individual investors include:
- Certificates of deposit (CDs): These deposits are offered by banks and typically pay a higher interest rate because they lock up cash for a given period. They are FDIC-insured up to $250,000.
- Money market accounts: Returns on these FDIC-insured accounts will beat those on savings accounts, but require a minimum investment. Keep in mind that money market accounts differ from money market mutual funds, which are not FDIC-insured.
- Treasuries: There are a variety of these government-issued bonds, such as notes, bills, floating-rate notes, and Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS).
- Bond funds: Offered by professional asset managers/investment companies, these funds are better for a shorter time frame and can offer better-than-average returns for the risk. Just be aware of the fees.
- Municipal bonds: These bonds, issued by local, state, or non-federal government agencies, can offer higher yields and tax advantages since they are often exempt from income taxes.
- Peer-to-peer (P2P) lending: Excess cash can be put into play via one of these lending platforms that match borrowers to lenders.
- Roth IRAs: For individuals, these vehicles can offer flexibility and a variety of investment options. Contributions, but not gains, to Roth IRAs can be withdrawn at any time, without penalty or taxes due.
Medium Term Investment
Medium-term’ refers to investments with a three- to five-year time horizon. So your goal is further away than a short-term investment, but it’s not in the distant future like, say, your retirement. Medium-term investment goals might include paying for a wedding, starting a business, paying for your children’s education, or something similar.
In spite of the fact that the term doesn’t really signify a particular time span, most believe anything beneath three years to be present moment; from three to 10 years as medium term; and anything past 10 years to be long haul. Since these time spans are viewed as adaptable, what might be a medium-term speculation for one individual may feel like a drawn out venture to other people, and the other way around.
An investors risk tolerance is heavily influenced by the term of the investment – and the term of the investment is often decided by what the money will be used for and when. For example, if you intend to purchase a car within the next two years, then it’s wise to invest conservatively in tools such as traditional savings accounts or a CD with an appropriate time until maturity. Since the funds are required soon, volatility in higher risk markets may actually prevent your goal from being reached.
Longer-term objectives, for example, retirement investment funds with more than 20 years until retirement, can by and large bear the cost of more hazard. Since the assets won’t be required for a long while, the record can withstand certain market changes in order to bring in better yields early. As an individual starts drawing nearer to retirement age, the appointed time skyline may move from long haul to medium term, provoking a push toward increasingly preservationist ventures.
Medium-term objectives frequently search for a harmony among hazard and return, being more preservationist than long haul ventures, however more hazard lenient than transient alternatives. Medium-term speculations may incorporate different securities with development dates somewhere in the range of three and 10 years. A medium term speculation portfolio could likewise devote a portion of the money to salary reserves or even development assets to attempt to exploit the additional time contrasted with a shorter term portfolio where capital protection is central.
What Are Long-Term Investments?
A long-term investment is an account on the asset side of a company’s balance sheet that represents the company’s investments, including stocks, bonds, real estate, and cash. Long-term investments are assets that a company intends to hold for more than a year.
While long-term investing can be your path to a secure future, you’ll want to understand the importance of risk and time horizon in achieving your financial dreams.
In investing, to get a higher return, you generally have to take on more risk. So very safe investments such as CDs tend to have low yields, while medium-risk assets such as bonds have somewhat higher yields and high-risk stocks have still-higher returns. Investors who want to generate a higher return will need to take on higher risk.
The long-term investment account differs largely from the short-term investment account in that short-term investments will most likely be sold, whereas the long-term investments will not be sold for years and, in some cases, may never be sold.
Being a long-term investor means that you are willing to accept a certain amount of risk in pursuit of potentially higher rewards and that you can afford to be patient for a longer period of time. It also suggests that you have enough capital available to afford to tie up a set amount for a long period of time.
Overview: Top long-term investments in 2020
1. Growth stocks
In the world of stock investing, growth stocks are the Ferraris. They promise high growth and along with it, high investment returns. Growth stocks are often tech companies, but they don’t have to be.
2. Stock funds
If you’re not quite up for spending the time and effort analyzing individual stocks, then a stock fund – either an ETF or a mutual fund – can be a great option. If you buy a broadly diversified fund – such as an S&P 500 index fund or a Nasdaq-100 index fund – you’re going to get many high-growth stocks as well as many others.
3. A bond fund
Either as a mutual fund or ETF – contains numerous bonds often from a variety of issuers. Bond funds are typically categorized by the type of bond in the fund – the bond’s duration, its riskiness, the issuer (corporate, municipality or federal government) and other factors.
4. Real estate
In many ways, real estate is the prototypical long-term investment. It takes a good bit of money to get started, the commissions are quite high, and the returns often come from holding an asset for a long time and rarely over just a few years.
5. Robo-adviser portfolio
Robo-advisers are another great alternative if you don’t want to do much investing yourself and prefer to leave it all to an experienced professional. With a robo-adviser you’ll simply deposit money into the robo account, and it automatically invests it based on your goals, time horizon and risk tolerance.
6. Small-cap stocks
Investors’ interest in small-cap stocks – the stocks of relatively small companies – can mainly be attributed to the fact that they have the potential to grow quickly or capitalize on an emerging market over time. In fact, retail giant Amazon began as a small-cap stock, and made investors who held on to the stock very rich, indeed. Small-cap stocks are often also high-growth stocks, but not always.
Important Of Investment
Investing is important, if not critical, to make your money work for you. You work hard for your money and your money should work hard for you. As it happens, the bank is certainly not breaking a sweat paying you to keep your money in their vault. The onus is on you to put your money at work.
Not investing, or not doing it properly, can mean a longer working life. When taking investing seriously, the returns generated from your investments can provide financial stability in the future.
1. Higher Investment Returns
Investing funds in an asset involves a tradeoff as the investor foregoes the utility of using the funds for his investment in the present for some higher utility in the future.
2. Retirement Plan or FIRE
The majority of people invest for retirement purposes. As most people rely on their salary income for meeting their needs, it becomes difficult to sustain their lifestyles after retirement when one does not have a job.
3. Beat Inflation
Investing is also important to beat inflation. If you don’t invest your money but just leave it in your checking or savings account, the money will decline in purchasing power as inflation will eat away the value of your money.
4. Reach Your Financial Goals
Investing is one of the key ways in achieving the financial goals for oneself. As an individual grows through life, there are new financial requirements that come up. It usually starts with buying a house.
In conclusion you should able to understand the various types of investment and importance's also the right one to go in to at every given time.
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